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Author Guidelines

Authors are invited to make a submission to this journal. All submissions will be assessed by an editor to determine whether they meet the aims and scope of this journal. Those considered to be a good fit will be sent for peer review before determining whether they will be accepted or rejected.

Before making a submission, authors are responsible for obtaining permission to publish any material included with the submission, such as photos, documents and datasets. All authors identified on the submission must consent to be identified as an author. Where appropriate, research should be approved by an appropriate ethics committee in accordance with the legal requirements of the study's country.

An editor may desk reject a submission if it does not meet minimum standards of quality. Before submitting, please ensure that the study design and research argument are structured and articulated properly. The title should be concise and the abstract should be able to stand on its own. This will increase the likelihood of reviewers agreeing to review the paper. When you're satisfied that your submission meets this standard, please follow the checklist below to prepare your submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor). 
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • We do ask that you consider the readability of reviewers when formatting your manuscript. For example, please use a reasonable font size (at least The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlinin) and line spacing.
  • LaTeX is the preferred file format, but Word documents are also acceptable. Please provide vector-type graphics in EPS or PDF format and bitmap-type graphics in TIFF or PDF format, ensuring sufficient resolution. Although EPS, PDF, and TIFF formats are preferred, artwork in MS Office formats is also supported. See the Electronic artwork section for further instructions on figure preparation.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines. 


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